IBPS Clerk Exam General English Language Preparation

IBPS Clerk Exam General English Language Preparation

Articles

The words A / An and The are called Articles.

• A/An is called the indefinite Article.

• The is called the Definite Article.

• A/An is used before countable singular nouns.

 A is used before words beginning with a consonant sound ( a, e, i, o, u are vowels and others are consonants.).

e.g.: a book, a pen etc.

An is used before words beginning with a vowel sound.

e.g.: an apple, an hour, an honour, an heir.

The words ‘University’ and ‘European’ begin with a vowel in spelling but with a consonant sound.

e.g.: a university, a European

The words ‘hour’, ‘heir’, ‘honour’ begin with a vowel sound as the initial consonant ‘h’ is not pronounced.

The Indefinite Article ‘A/An’ is used

1. In the sense of one:

e.g.: I bought a car.

 He brought an umbrella.

2. with the word ‘one’ (one begins with consonant ‘W’):

e.g.: Politics should not be a one man show.

He offered me a one-hundred rupee note.

3. with units, price, speed etc.:

e.g.: He drove the car at eighty kilometers an hour.

 He bought the oranges at fifty rupees a dozen.

 Rice is sold at forty rupees a K.G.

4. In exclamations before singular countable nouns:

e.g.: What a pretty baby!

5. When two subjects or articles are thought of as a single unit:

e.g.: A cup and saucer must be used to drink tea.

• An umbrella is made of a cloth and iron.

6. with a certain expressions of quality:

e.g.: a lot of money, a great deal of trouble, a couple of minutes, a dozen mangoes.

7. Before a person’s name when the person is perhaps unknown:

e.g.: A Ravi came for you yesterday.

8. To speak about a special meal to celebrate something/in someone’s honour:

e.g.: the staffs have hosted a dinner to welcome the Managing Director.

• He called all his friends to a lunch to celebrate his promotion.

9. To make a common noun of a proper noun:

e.g.: Only a Vivekananda can give such an eloquent lecture (A person with the eloquence of Vivekananda)

The Definite Article ‘the’ is used:

1. To speak of a person/thing already referred to:

e.g.: I simply love the movie.

 The man standing at the door is my boss.

2. To indicate a class with nouns in the singular:

 The cow is a useful animal.

Note: The noun ‘man’ and ‘woman’. In spite of representing the whole class. Do not take the before them.

e.g.: Man is the wisest of all animals.

3. To indicate a class with adjectives:

e.g.: The rich are becoming richer.

4. As an adverb with comparative:

e.g.: The higher you go, the colder it becomes.

5. with superlatives:

e.g.: Rajinikanth is the most popular actor.

6. Before the names of mountains, rivers, oceans, seas, gulfs and islands:

e.g.: the Alps, the Krishna, the Atlantic, the Bay of Bengal, the Persian Gulf, the Andaman and Nicobar.

7. Before the names of holy books:

e.g.: The Bible, the Koran, the Vedas, the Gita.

8. Before musical instruments:

e.g.: Emani Sankara Sastri was a great player on the Veena.

9. Before inventions:

e.g.: Marconi invented the Radio.

10. Parts of the body:

e.g.: The soldier was wounded in the leg.

 The striking employees shouted slogans by raising the hands.

11. Religious groups:

e.g.: The Hindus hold the gita in high veneration

12. Names enforcing law:

e.g.: The police are searching for the culprit.

13. Before the names of political parties:

e.g.: The B.J.P. is launching a campaign against corruption

14. Before names of Aero planes, Ships & Trains:

e.g.: The Godavari express arrives on platform No. 5.

15. Before names of an empire, dynasty or historical events:

e.g.: Gold coins were in circulation as currency during the Gupta dynasty.

16. Before Clubs/Foundations:

e.g.: The Lion’s club is going to conduct an eye camp on the 15th of November 2012.

17. Before the common nouns denoting unique things:

e.g.: The sky is blue, the earth is round, the stars are bright, and the sun is resplendent.

18. with ordinals:

e.g.: Our institute is on the third floor.

In the following questions some of the sentences have errors and some have none. Find out which part of sentence has an error. If there is no error, mark N.E.,

1. As Pradeep renders (1)/ selfless service, (2)/he is regarded as an honourable man (3)/by all the members of the organization (4)/ No error (5).

1-5; No error. An honourable Man. ‘H’ in the word ‘Honourable’ is not pronounced.

2. An university (1)/is a spring board which (2)/lifts talented students (3)/ to higher position in life (4)/No error (5).
2-1; A university. ‘U’ in the word ‘University’ has a consonant sound.

3. When he reaches home (1)/ at 6 P.M. every day. (2)/ his wife is ready with (3)/cup and saucer to offer coffee (4)/ No error (5).

3-4; A cup and saucer

4. According to me (1)/ first chapter (2)/ is more difficult (3)/ than the rest of the chapters (4)/ No error (5).

4-2; The first chapter

5. He is a Vivekananda (1)/ of our college. (2)/ He gives (3)/ lucid explanations about lofty things (4)/ No error (5).

5-5; No error. A Vivekananda means having as many abilities as Vivekananda had.

6. Congress and B.J.P. (1)/ are the two major parties (2)/ to contest (3)/ the elections (4)/. No error (5).

6-1; The Congress and the BJP.

7. The exhibits (1)/ displayed in (2)/ the museum (3)/ has the remarkable variety of antics. (4)/ No error (5).

7-4; a remarkable variety.

8. Many poverty (1)/ alleviation programmers (2)/ are taken up (3)/ by the Ford foundation. (4)/ No error (5).

8-5; The Ford Foundation is correct.

9. A seminar on (1)/ the preservation (2)/ of ecological balance for happy living (3)/ will be held on the fifth floor. (4)/ No error (5).

9-5; No error.

10. The more you (1)/ study (2)/ more you (3)/ become wiser. (4)/No error (5).

10-3; The more you become

11. The teacher knows that (1)/ cleverer (2)/ of the two boys (3)/ is Ravi. (4)/ No error (5).

11-2; The cleverer

12. The rich (1)/ must contribute (2)/ their mite (3)/ to the development of poorer sections of society. (4)/ No error (5).

12-5; ‘The rich’ means ‘the rich people’.

13. It is quarter to nine (1)/ by my watch (2)/ though the clock (3)/ has struck nine (4)/ No error (5).

13-1; A quarter to nine.

14. The ministers are arranging (1)/ lunch (2)/ to welcome (3)/ the Chief Minister after successful foreign tour (4)/ No error (5).

14-2; A lunch, lunch offered on a special occasion.

15. The apples grown (1)/ in many countries of the world (2)/ are nutritious (3)/ and tasty (4)/ No error (5).

15-1; The definite article ‘The’ is not used.

The word ‘apples’ is used in general sense.

16. Last but not the least (1)/ we came to Japan, (2)/the only highly industrialized country (3)/ in Asia (4)/ No error (5).

16-1; The correct phrase is ‘Last but not least’.

17. The books (1)/ are essential to a student, (2)/ but poor parents (3)/ can not buy the costly ones for their children (4)/ No error (5).

17-1; ‘Books are’ is the correct expression.

18. I have read (1)/ only the first two chapters (2)/ of the book that (3)/ I borrowed from you yesterday (4)/ No error (5).

18-5; No error. The first two chapters is correct.

19. He did not go (1)/ to the city on foot. (2)/ He went there (3)/ by the train. (4)/ No error (5).

19-4; Omit ‘the’ before ‘train’. ‘By train’ is the correct expression.

20. Pen is (1)/ mightier (2)/ than (3)/ the sword (4)/ No error (5).

20-1; ‘Pen’ should be preceded by ‘The’. ‘Pen and sword in this sentence are used symbolically.

21. I did it (1)/ only for a fun, (2)/ don’t take it (3)/ seriously (4)/ No error (5).

21-2; ‘Only for fun’ is the correct expression.

22. Kiran is out of the question, (1)/ the best batsman (2)/ in (3)/ our team (4)/ No error (5).

22-1; ‘Out of question’ is the correct expression.

23. During my college days, (1)/ I always (2)/ took the lead in (3)/ the extracurricular activities (4)/ No error (5).

23-3; ‘took lead’ is the correct expression.

24. If he is busy (1)/ at this time, (2)/ we shall see him (3)/ after the lunch. (4)/ No error (5).

24-4; Don’t put ‘the’ before ‘lunch’ in general sense.

25. Do you know that (1)/ these animals (2)/ are found only (3)/ in tropical Zone? (4)/ No error (5).

25-4; Use ‘the’ before tropical zone.

26. Nobody has lived (1)/ in that house (2)/ for (3)/ last hundred years (4) No error (5).

26-4; ‘Last hundred years’ should be preceded by ‘the’.

27. Anitha charges (1)/ Rs. 2000 P.M. (2)/ for (3)/ keeping the house (4)/ No error (5).

27-4; ‘Keeping the house’ means remaining indoors. ‘Keeping house’ means ‘to look after’.

28. I have no time (1)/ even to sigh. (2)/ How (3) busy life! (4)/ No error (5).

28-4; ‘How busy a life!’ is the correct exclamatory sentence.

29. All precautions (1)/ must be taken (2)/ for (3)/ the malaria spreads rapidly (4)/ No error (5).

29-4; ‘Malaria’, a disease is not preceded by ‘the’.

30. I live on a top floor (1)/ of an old house. (2)/ When the wind blows (3)/ all the windows rattle. (4)/ No error (5).

30-1; The article ‘the’ is used before physical place (Position) like ‘top’. ‘bottom’ etc. So we say ‘the top’ ‘the bottom’. Now a top should be replaced by ‘the top’.

KEY: 1-5; 2-1; 3-4; 4-2; 5-5; 6-1; 7-4; 8-5; 9-5;10-3; 11-2; 12-5; 13-1; 14-2; 15-1; 16-1;17-1; 18-5; 19-4; 20-1; 21-2; 22-1; 23-3;24-4; 25-4; 26-4; 27-4; 28-4; 29-4; 30-1.

Download the above IBPS Clerk Exam General English Language Preparation article

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